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200th BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF TATYA TOPE तात्या टोपे की 200वीं जयंती

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Born in 1814 in Nashik, Maharashtra, Ramchandra Panduranga, better known as Tantia Tope, was the only son of Pandurang Rao Tope and his wife Rukhmabai. Tatya Tope adopted the surname ‘Tope’ which means commanding officer, which is derived from the Hindi word for canon. Tantia Tope was an intimate friend and the right hand of Nana Sahib, the adopted son of Peshwa. Tantia Tope was one was one of the notable generals of the 1857 First War of independence. Despite having no formal training in fighting skills, Tope was a brilliant fighter and a master in the art of guerrilla warfare. In May 1857, Tantia Tope won the battle over the Indian troops of the East India Company at Kanpur. He forced General Windham to retreat from the city of Gwalior. He collaborated with Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi to seize Gwalior. He fought 150 battles against the British during his life span and demolished 10,000 British soldiers. His forces were broken up on June 19, 1858 but he continued resistance as a guerrilla fighter in the jungle until he was betrayed. Tatya Tope was executed by the British on 18 April 1859. Tatya Tope was one of the foremost leaders of the Revolt of 1857 whose valour and courage inspire Indians to this day.